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Current Edition

June 2015

Volume 1 Issue 1
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Editorial

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder and Atopic Diseases: How Much Do We Care?

Mustafa Afifi*

Psychiatric disorders are common among young people of Arab origin attending primary care facilities in Gulf countries. However, mental health research published from the 6 Gulf countries over the past 20 years, constituted less than 1% of their total biomedical research. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is of high prevalence due to many reasons of which is high rates of consanguinity or toxic metal exposure. ADHD persists into adulthood in a high proportion of cases, causing social difficulties and affective problems. 

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Research Article

An Initial Epidemiological Study of Aortic Aneurysms in the Central Australian Indigenous Population

Spark JI*, Vun SV, McCamley C, Blest NC

The epidemiology of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Caucasian populations is well defined. Studies show that the prevalence of AAA in men aged greater than 65 years is 6-8% with the disease being six times more common in men than women. Data exists regarding the epidemiology of AAA in other ethnic groups, notably Asian, Chinese, and New Zealand Maoris. In contrast, there is no data regarding the epidemiology of AAA among the Australian Indigenous population.

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Editorial

Epidemiology and the Effects of Radioactive Contamination: Time for a New Approach

Christopher Busby*

The science (and art) of epidemiology is arguably the most important area of human investigation in the modern world. The environment of human beings (and indeed all life) has been changed by human activity. There is an exponential trend in novel exposures that never existed in evolutionary history and which follow technological alterations of the biosphere that began about one hundred years ago. Epidemiology is the pre-eminent guardian of human health. 

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Research Article

The Keep Your Heart Healthy Project: Engaging Medical Students to Reduce Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Allison Ducharme-Smith, David Alan Klein, Jasmine Rassiwala, Nilay S. Shah, Claudia Leung, Ashley Kim, Rabih Dahdouh, Stephen Havas*

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Chicago, especially in minority neighborhoods, yet is largely preventable through lifestyle modification. Lack of access to health care resources and limited health literacy among individuals in the community, combined with insufficient time, incentives, and training to conduct lifestyle counseling by physicians, contribute to the high prevalence of CVD. 

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Research Article

Breast Cancer Mortality in Estuary Wards near Bradwell Nuclear Power Station, Essex, UK 2001-1995

Christopher Busby*

Ecological studies near point sources of risk are generally modelled by distance bands involving data from small areas fitted into convenient radial area divisions. In contradistinction, this study examines risk of dying of breast cancer between 1995 and 2001 in wards adjoining the estuary of the River Blackwater in Essex, UK where measured radionuclide contamination exists in muddy sediment and other material, derived from discharges from the Bradwell Nuclear Power station. Estuary wards are compared with inland wards using Social Class adjusted expected numbers based on national mortality rates for the period. 

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Research Article

Sexual and Mental Health in Compensated Dating in Youth in Hong Kong: An Exploratory Quantitative Study

LI M.H. Tim, WONG W.C. Paul*, CHAN Melissa, LAW Yik-Wa, FU King-Wa, CHAU Michael, YIP S.F. Paul

Compensated dating, also known as enjo kosai (in Japanese), assisted relationship, freelance teenage sex work, and casual teen prostitution, emerged in Japan in 1990s and has spread to other Asian societies including Korea, Thailand, Taiwan, Shanghai and Hong Kong in the early 2000s. The compensated dating phenomenon was considered similar to youth sexual exploitation, defined as the exchange of sexual activity for money or other consideration according to Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 

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Research Article

Cancer near Trawsfynydd Nuclear Power Station in Wales, UK: A Cross Sectional Cohort Study

Christopher Busby*

A cross sectional cohort study was carried out of the population living downwind of and less than 3.5km from Trawsfynydd nuclear power station sited in Wales, UK. This station is cooled by, and discharges radionuclides to a lake, Llyn Trawsfynydd, which is significantly contaminated with radioactivity. Cancer numbers and populations were obtained through questionnaire and interview for the 10-year period to 2005. 

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Editorial

Epidemiology of Cancer in Adults in Relation to Childhood Infectious Burden of the Country

Ashok K. Vijh Ph.D., D.Sc., F.R.S. Canada*

During our investigations, it was noted that a developing country such as India, whose population is subjected  to very heavy infectious burdens, shows surprisingly low incidence of some major cancers. Further explorations indicated that when all (or at least major) cancers are considered together, lowest incidence is indicated in countries such as Thailand, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Philippines and Mexico, or, Senegal and India; much higher incidence of cancer is observed in U.S.A., Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Western European countries (Table I).

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