Volume 1  Issue 2

Volume 1  Issue 2

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Research Article

Residue of Fipronil, S-Methoprene, and Amitraz in Dog Blood and in Gloves from Topical Certifect® Application: Toxicity and Safety Considerations 

Haley Nichols, Ramesh C. Gupta*, Robin B. Doss, Stephanie D. Bland, Terry D. Canerdy and James Zieren 

Currently, the use of ectoparasiticides on dogs to control ticks and fleas is inevitable, and the safety data for dogs, dog owners, and veterinary personnel are scarce. This investigation was therefore undertaken with two objectives: (1) to determine the residue of fipronil, s-methoprene, and amitraz in dog blood, and (2) to determine the transferable residues of these insecticides to gloves worn while petting experimental household dogs after the topical application of Certifect®. Certifect®(4.28 mL) contains 9.8% fipronil, 8.8% s-methoprene, and 22.1% amitraz.

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Research Article

Bronchoalveolar Lavage and Respiratory System Scoring of Normal Holstein Calves and Calves with Respiratory Disease 

Simon F. Peek*, Nick Keuler, Faye Hartmann, Alfonso Lago, Kenneth V. Nordlund, Sheila M. McGuirk 

Bronchoalveolar lavages (BALs) were performed on Holstein calves with (n=63) and without (n=63) clinical signs of respiratory disease on commercial dairy herds (n=24) in Wisconsin. Evaluation of respiratory disease was performed on farm for each calf using a scoring system that attributed cumulative number values to clinical parameters that are easily assessable by producers or veterinarians (fever, nasal and ocular discharge, presence or absence of a spontaneous or inducible cough).

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