Volume 3 Issue 1
Autonomic Function is Associated with Fitness Level in HIV-Infected Individuals
Morgan H Kocher, MS, ATC, Ronald K Hetzler*, PhD, FACSM , Cecilia M Shikuma, MD, Iris F Kimura, PhD, ATC, PT, Cris D Stickley, PhD, ATC, CSCS , Rachel A Lindsey, PhD, ATC, Beau K Nakamoto, MD, PhD, Dominic C Chow, MD, MPH, PhD
Autonomic dysfunction is a common co-morbidity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Decreased autonomic function is linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality. This dysfunction is often characterized by increased sympathetic activity, and decreased parasympathetic activity and heart rate variability (HRV).
Histoplasmosis in AIDS Patients in Venezuela
Maria Eugenia Landaeta-Nezer MD MSc, Sofia Mata-Essayag* MD MSc PhD, Maria Teresa Colella BSc, Vanessa Pineda BSc, Arantza Rosello BSc
Histoplasmosis, caused by Histoplasma capsulatum, endemic in Venezuela, is the most frequent AIDS defining disease. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in these patients. The aim of this study was to review the demographic data, clinical features, diagnostic methods, treatment and follow-up, of patients with diagnosis of AIDS and histoplasmosis, evaluated at the Medical Mycology Department, Instituto de Medicina Tropical, Universidad Central de Venezuela, from 1994 to 2013. We collected demographic, epidemiologic, and clinical data from each case.
This journal aims to keep scientists, clinicians, researchers, students, and general public aware of AIDS-related information with a strong focus on basic, clinical and translational science as well as on epidemiology and disease prevention.
HIV Infection is still a pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Women and children are the most vulnerable. Early antenatal Care clinic (ANC) evaluations and screening for infections have been used as a reflection of HIV dynamics in the community to reduce the chances of pregnant women transferring infections to their children. Hannah et al. , studied the trends in the prevalence of HIV-seropositivity in pregnant women to get an idea of the effectiveness of preventive measures. Out of total 37464 women, 5.9% were HIV positive.