Article in Press

Volume 4 Issue 2

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Research Article

Student´s Viewpoint about Ergotism

Muhammad Imran Qadir1 and Usama Razzaq2*

Objective of this article was to assess knowledge of students about Ergotism disease. Ergotism is a human disease caused by the consumption of bread befouled with Calviceps Purpurea fungal poison or caused by the over-use of pharmaceutical products such as Ergot and Ergotamine drugs for migraine treatment and during child-birth causing serious problems of blood vessels, heart problems, arterial spasm and even death.

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Research Article

MHC Genes Class I, Class Ii In Invertebrates: The Echinodermata

Michel Leclerc* 

For the first time MHC Class I and ClassII genes were described in Echinodermata, (Invertebrates).That seems incredible for developmental immunobiology studies. HLA-DRB1, HLA -DQB1 genes from Class II; HLA-E, HLA-B genes from Class I have been found in genomes of Ophiocomina nigra( Ophuirids) and Antedon bifida (Crinoïds) : Two Echinodermata which present the IPA (Invertebrate Primitive Antibody).

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