Current Edition

Volume 4 Issue 2

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________Editorial article
Chemoprevention of Cancer: Quench InflammationAshok K. Vijh*
Perhaps the most dreaded disease of old age is cancer: actually, it is a family of diseases that can attack various organs and cancer of a particular organ can manifest itself in multiple forms. A number of genetic changes can cause cells to become cancerous. Predicting those changes and who will get them is incredibly difficult.

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Editorial
Narcissism among Medical Students: The Good, The Bad And The Ugly

Mustafa Afifi, MBChB, MM, DrPH, MHPE*

The importance of empathy as a crucial component of the physician- patient relationship could not be denied. Empathy is important for both diagnosis and patient care Empathy is important for the physician as well as his patient simply because it is protective against physician burnout. Therefore many studies were published on investigating empathy among medical students or teaching them empathy.

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Review Article
Is There Evidence of Adverse Health Effects Near US Nuclear Installations? Infant Mortality in Coastal Communities near The Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Station in California, 1989-2012Christopher Busby*
Following the recent cancellation of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission proposed study of cancer near nuclear sites in the USA, an attempt is made to investigate the effects of local exposures to radioactive release by employing infant mortality as an indicator of genetic effects of radioactive releases on birth outcomes. Nuclear plants which are built on the coast and which release radioactivity to the environment contaminate the coastal strip. A comparison of official annual infant mortality data for ZIP coded areas near Diablo Canyon nuclear plant adjacent to the sea with those inland for the 25 years from 1989 to 2012 showed a remarkable and statistically significant 28% overall increase in infant mortality rates in the coastal strip group relative to the inland control group.

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Research Article
Children’s Dietary Intake in Child Care Centers by Body Mass, Age, and Sex

Megan Krampe, Susan B. Sisson*, Chelsea L. Smith, Andrea H. Rasbold, Diane Horm, Janis E Campbell, Karina R. Lora, Allen Knehans

In 2011-2012, 23% of young children in the U.S. were considered overweight: 8% were obese. In Oklahoma, 31% of low-income 2-to-5-year-old children were considered overweight, and 14% were obese. Although studies indicate that the increase in child obesity has plateaued, levels remain high, and consequences of childhood obesity pose important health risks. Since many 3-to-6-year-old children (55%) in the U.S. attend child care centers (CCCs) full time (8 hours or more per day), CCCs have an important role in the prevention of obesity and can influence healthy eating and dietary behaviors.

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Research Article
A Preliminary Study of Perception and Coping Mechanism of Breast Cancer Patients in An Iranian City

Ali A. Moqaddas, Fatemeh Adjdari, Akbar Aghajanian*

The life expectancy of women in Iran has increased in recent decades. This trend is contemporary with a growing incidence of breast cancer among women. Casual observation has shown that organized and systematic coping support for women with breast cancer disease has expanded much less than the treatment technology; leaving surviving women in ambiguity and fear of unknown. The analysis of qualitative data from a preliminary study of women in one city confirms the limitation of support for coping with the disease and the aftermath of the technology based treatments.

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Research Article
The -1Year Survival In Hiv-Infected People Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy Varies Across Location Of Health Care Facilities In Benin

C. Sossa Jerome*, Mt Agonnoudé, Ge. Sopoh, Ai Bah-Chabi, A.De Souza, M. Bachabi, G. Gbetowenonmon, V. Agueh, Em Ouendo, Lt Ouedraogo

The National Programme for Fight against (PNLS) of Benin has been providing free antiretroviral drugs since 2003. Two assessments of survival in HIV infected patients receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) were previously done in 2006 and 2009. The objective of this study was to assess 1-year survival in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Benin in 2014, to compare it with previous ones (2006 and 2009) and explore its association with locations of ART providing facilities. This retrospective study included 2176 Benin PLWHA under highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) as per 2006 WHO ART guidelines, selected in 46 ART providing facilities through all regions across the country.

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Research Article
Risk Factors of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Benin Adults: A Hospital-Based Case-Control Study

C. Sossa Jérome*, J. Saizonou, Pi. Adégnadjou, P. Makoutodé, G. Sopoh, B. Aguemon, V. Mongbo, A. Kpozehouen, J. Capo-Chichi, E-M. Ouendo

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is defined as a “metabolic disorder caused by different factors characterized by a chronic high level of blood sugar with disturbances to carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Several type of diabetes are known including mainly: type 1 DM or insulin dependent DM, type 2 DM or noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus and gestational DM is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.

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