Volume 4 Issue 2
Primary Sinonasal Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: A Case Report and Literature Review
Mayand Vakil1, Marc J. Gibber1*
Sinonasal small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma is a very rare, but aggressive cancer. It has a high rate of early metastases and local recurrence. Even with aggressive management, the prognosis is poor. Treatment is often based on cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiation. This case report details a case of a 68-year-old man diagnosed with small cell carcinoma of the right nares extending into the ethmoid sinuses with dehiscence of the cribrifrom plate and intracranial extension of disease. No distant metastases were found. His prognosis is poor based off grading and stage, but definitive therapy is currently being pursued with chemo radiotherapy.
Classification of Nasal Deviation
Abdul Razzak Shahod Juratli 1*
Due to its central location, the nose plays a prominent role in addressing the central facial axis which helps at camouflaging a large proportion of facial asymmetry. It gives the standard norm to the facial expressions, any little nasal deviation results in conspicuous facial disharmony and is often attended by nasal airway dysfunction. The nasal deviation causes a cosmetic deformity that is often disconcerting for patients. Nasal deviation carries considerable risk at the nasal airflow by increasing the nasal valve resistance at the level of midvault and/or lower alar structures.