Volume 6 Issue 1
Interrelations of Morphological Indicators with Hemodynamics in Young People Engaged in Various Sports
NV Rylova1, AV Zholinsky2*
In the study, there were identified the features of interrelations of morphological indicators with hemodynamics in young people engaged in various sports and having the athletic skills from the 1st grade to sport master. Significant correlations were observed between hemodynamics characteristics and such morphological parameters as thickness of skinfold under shoulder blade, which had significant (p<0.05) negative correlations with stroke (r=-0.583) and end-diastolic blood index (r=-0.582), and positive correlations with the index of total peripheral vascular resistance (r=0.574), variability of the stroke volume (r=0.65) and filling rate (r=0.56). Hand circumference associated with diastolic (r=0.67) and mean arterial pressure (r=0.61). It is shown that the constitution of athletes is a significant factor in determining the characteristics of their hemodynamics.
Acute Compartment Syndrome in A Bodybuilder Using Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids : Case Report
Aylin Ayyildiz1*, beril Dogu2, figen Yilmaz3, Cargi Ciragiloglu4 and Banu Kuran5
In sportsmens, Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids administration is a problem that needs attention. Use of anabolic-androgenic steroids could cause both short and long term side effect. One of these side effects is rhabdomyolysis which is cause to compartment syndrome. While the frequency of compartment syndrome increases in athletes due to overuse and exercise, Anabolic-Androgenic steroid use also increases the frequency. With formation of compartment syndrome, muscle and nerve damages may be observed.
A Test of the Market for Managers:Buying Success in the Market for Football Managers
James D. A. Butler1 and Stephen A. Butler2*
Agency theory poses the problem that as an organization grows from a sole proprietorship to one that hires managers to make day to day operating decisions. The managers are likely to make decisions in their own best interest rather than in the interest of the owners. The two general ways of controlling this behavior is through the use of compensation contracts and/or through the use of internal controls. Observing decisions is rarely used but is a useful manner to control decisions. Most studies have lacked the ability to measure specific outcomes with specific managers