Evidence Surrounding the Relation between Coffee and Cognitive Function
Dulce M. Barrios *, Christine Greer
The purpose of this narrative review was to discuss the most compelling empirical evidence pertaining to the potential relation between coffee consumption, cognitive function, and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Sixteen studies were identified and selected based on cognitive outcomes (performance, decline, dementia and AD).
Intentional weight loss improved performance in obese ischaemic heart patients: A two centre intervention trial
Nina Rica Wium Geiker*, Khin Swe Myint
The risk of heart failure (HF) increases with BMI, but paradoxically obesity has been associated with reduced mortality in patients with HF. The effect of intentional or therapeutic weight loss on HF is not well known. We examined the effect of weight loss induced by low energy diet (LED) on physical performance and cardiovascular risk factors in obese patients with moderate-to-severe HF and/or ischaemic heart disease (IHD). ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Weight Loss and Breast Cancer Biomarkers in a Randomized Dietary Trial Among Overweight/Obese Premenopausal Women
Susan Olivo-Marston, Ph.D, M.P.H., Michael Pennell, Ph.D.,Cecilia R. DeGraffinreid, M.H.S., Mara Z. Vitolins, Dr.P.H., Marisa Bittoni, Ph.D.,Elizabeth Grainger, R.D. Ph.D., Steven K. Clinton, M.D., Ph.D.,and Electra D. Paskett*, Ph.D
This was a pilot study that was conducted to: 1) determine feasibility ofrecruitment, adherence, and follow-up of calorie-restricted low-fat or low-carbohydrate diet plus exercise intervention among overweight and obese premenopausal women; 2) determine if these interventions promoted weight loss; and 3) investigate whether the interventions altered breast cancer biomarkers.
High Serum Lycopene Concentration Decreases Mortality of Adults Aged 45 years or Older
Rex Cheung* MD, PhD, Josephine Kang, MD, PhD, Daniel Ouyang MD, MS, Vincent Yeung, MD
Lycopene is an important non-toxic red pigment that has been used in food coloring. The chemical properties and methods of extraction are currently actively studied. Lycopene is a polyunsaturated fatty molecule that occurs in a large variety of fruits and vegetables. In Western diets, tomato is a major source of lycopene. In Southeast Asia, their main staple and fruit GAC has 50 times higher in lycopene content per gram of wet fruit than tomato.