Volume 2 Issue 2

Volume 2 Issue 2

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Research Article 

Using Walking as a Tool for Fitness and its Influence on Obesity and Overweight Individuals

V. Bunc*, M. Skalská

This study summarizes the use of walking (as a tool) and how it relates to influencing health, fitness, body composition, well-being and other psychological variables. It followed an intervention program that lasted 5 months using 1000 kcal of energy intensity in senior women, 1500 kcal in middle-aged men and 2000 kcal for children and composed of at least 85% walking, pointing to significant changes in fitness and body composition. Fitness, which was characterized by maximal oxygen uptake, was improved by 13% (in senior women and obese children) and 17% (middle age men).

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Research Article 

The Factors Responsible for and Solution Strategies to Inconsistencies in Waist Circumference Cut-Off Values for Metabolic Syndrome Screening Established by the International Diabetes Federation and the Japanese Committee 

Hirokazu Yokoyama*

Waist circumference (WC) is reported as an important parameter for the clinical diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has proposed cut-off values (COVs) for this parameter in MetS screening in various areas worldwide. The values recommended for Asians including Japanese are 90 and 80 cm for men and women, respectively (IDF-Criteria). WC-COVs have also been independently established by the Japanese Committee, but differ from IDF-Criteria (85 cm and 90 cm for men and women, respectively; Japanese-Criteria).

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Research Article 

Proposed Waist Circumference Measurement for Waist-to-Height Ratio as a Cardiovascular Disease Risk Indicator: Self-Assessment Feasibility

Lakkana Thaikruea*, Siriboon Yavichai

The health campaign refers to waist circumference measured at the midpoint between the lower costal margin and iliac crest (WCM) for calculating Waist-to-Height Ratio (WHtR) indicator. WCM is difficult for layperson and health personnel who usually use waist circumference measured at umbilical level (WCU). This study aimed to determine whether WHtR is an appropriate indicator for risk factors of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), to compare WHtR using different waist circumference measurements, and to propose practical anthropometry indicator for self-assessment for risk factors of CVD.

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