Volume 3 Issue 2
Substitution of Groundnut Cake with Palm Kernel Cake on the Growth Performance of Broilers
Ekalle NM, Mongo BG, Ghomsi MOS, Tientcheu BL, Tchakounte J, Hakoue F, Leinyuy I, Bayemi PH*
In order to valorise agro industrial by-products in poultry diets, the effect of feed substitution of the crude protein content of groundnut cake with that of palm kernel cake in the performance of broilers was investigated. The study involved 192 males birds divided into four groups of 48 each. Four treatments corresponded to the four groups. The control treatment T0 had no palm kernel cake while the other three treatments included replacement of groundnut cake with palm kernel cake at 50, 75 and 100 % (T0, T50, T75 and T100 respectively). All treatments had the same calculated levels of crude protein and metabolisable energy content. Results showed no evidence of the effect of treatments on feed efficiency (P> 0.05).
Soil Weathering, Silicon and CHD in Finland
Timo Toysa*, Osmo Hanninen
Conventional risk factors cannot satisfactorily explain the geographic risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). There are plenty of reports on statistical associations between CHD and drinking-water element contents. The idea for this study came from geology, where the weathering rate from forest soils has been estimated by using a model that uses parameters effective temperature sum (ETS) and concentrations of Ca and Mg in till fraction < 2 mm.