Volume 4 Issue 1
Causal Relationship between Occlusal Factors and Temporomandibular Disorders
This review evaluated the possible role of some occlusal factors in the etiology of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Only a few occlusal factors have been implicated in causing TMDs, among which occlusal interferences in the retruded contact position (RCP) and RCP-intercuspal position (ICP) did not appear to have causal roles. In contrast, the role of occlusal discrepancies between habitual occlusal position and bite plate-induced occlusal position on the etiology of TMDs was promising, and thus, the follow-up studies should be performed.
Role of Direct Fluorescence Visualization for Screening of Oral Cancer and its Impact on Raising Awareness
Cansu Alpaslan*, Guzin Neda Hasanoglu Erbasar, Gökhan Alpaslan, Buğra Yılmaz, Berçem Kalender
Oral cancer accounts 3% of all cancers worldwide with an increase in rates for both sexes and rising trends in young men. As survival rate increases when diagnosed at early stages, systematic visual inspection is recommended at the beginning of dental treatment of patients. However, diagnosis of oral cancer by visual oral examination may be challenging sometimes and, determining the malignant transformation of clinically visible potentially malignant disorder is not possible. Public awareness of OC has been reported to be very low, causing delay in referral and treatment.
Orofacial myofunctional Therapy in Head and Neck Cancer Patients with Limited Mouth Opening
Viviane de CARVALHO, MSc, PhD, Sandra Regina DIONIZIO, José Francisco de GÓIS FILHO – MSc, PhD
There are different types of treatment for head and neck cancer, including: surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Their use alone or combined can lead to sequelae in the temporomandibular joint, resulting in limited mouth opening. However, there are few studies have been published that evaluated exercise therapy in oncology related trismus, and no standard of care exits. The objective of this study was to verify the influence of a 7-week structured orofacial myofunctional exercise program on increasing the mouth opening in head and neck cancer patients with trismus. The sample consisted of 17 patients aged between 45 and 77 years, 15 men and 2 women with mouth opening less than 40 mm.
Dentistry and Research
The branch of clinical dental research with enduring variations in possibilities, approaches, and instrumentation, there is an improvement in the awareness of quality dental care in developed world. Dentistry and Research comprises improved applications of computer technologies in diagnostic science and clinical measurements, resulting in creation of clinical decision with more accuracy
Dentistry and Research
With shift in focus of research with exploring the unknown etiological and etiopathogenesis factors, the oral disease variation patterns have furthermore amplified the scope of clinical research. Hence, the overall trend is moving towards the increased demand of trained and experienced clinical investigator in dentistry.