Balaraman Senthil Kumar1* Ph.D
1School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, VIT University, Vellore, India
*Corresponding author: Balaraman Senthil Kumar, School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, VIT University, Vellore, India
Addiction is a psychological need to do, take or use something, to the point where it become harmful to the person. This journal articles describes the types, causes and signs of addiction, and where to get help or solutions, reasons why addictions begin. In the case of drugs, alcohol and nicotine, these substances create feelings that are enjoyable and increases a powerful urge to use the substances again. However, kicking the addiction is a major achievement but for people with opioid addiction, detox is the only beginning of a long-term battle against craving and relapse. Research studies on addiction therapy typically have classified programs into several general types, treatment methods and individual programs continue to evolve and diversify.
The journal of Addiction and Therapy of volume 2 issue 3 has published articles describing non-commercial alcohol drinking and risk of alcohol-related problems , and a survey on smoking cessation practice questioning do we practice it well and do we know it well .
In Belarus, samogon is the main source of non-commercial alcohol produced from sugar or grain or from both in homes and in remotely located mini-factories. In term of concentration, matching the alcohol content of licensed vodka, samogon has 40% ethanol. During 1990s in Belarus the use of poorly rectified spirits for the production of state vodka resulted in a significant lowering its quality. Thus, the quality gap between samogon and licensed vodka is narrowed, resulting in popularity of samogon. However, there is concern that samogon contains higher level of hepatotoxic aliphatic alcohols congeners than commercial vodka because the home producers cannot reach the degree of rectification required for vodka production. Therefore, samples of samogon detected amounts of 1-propanol, isobutanol, and isoamyl alcohol, that causes hepatic damage. It is also hypothesized that samogon consumption is related with more alcohol-related problems than the consumption of licensed alcohol. The aim of this study by Yury Razvodovsky et al. ., is to test this hypothesis by studying the prevalence, patterns of consumption and reasons behind samogon consumption among male urban population in Belarus. Utilizing a structured questionnaire, 329 men were surveyed in Grodno city. From studies it is observed that the 31.6% men consume samogon at least once for a month. Also, consumption is related with binge drinking pattern, inability of controlling the alcohol quantity, hangover syndrome, and alcohol surrogates. Therefore, it is suggested that the Belarusian government should consider a number of potentially effective methods addressing the problem of non-commercial alcohol, that includes raising public awareness of the risks and creating an alternative to strong alcoholic drinks by preferences to low alcoholic beverages.
In general use of tobacco and smoking risk factors are well-documented with different types of cancer affecting the head and neck. Smoking negatively influences the cardiovascular and respiratory systems along with increase in rates of infections. Additionally, to this there are risks for others through second hand smoke exposure such as asthma. Hence, the presence of this information’s encouraged campaigns seeking reductions of smoking. Grace et al. ., described smoking cessation practices across health disciplines and examined the self-perceived roles and responsibilities in smoking cessation currently carried out by health care practitioners. A cross-sectional survey design at Victoria Hospital including primary care physicians, specialists, nurses and allied health were invited to participate in an online survey. From obtained results total of 294 with 68% female, 32% male responses were obtained and 6.6% self-identified as being smokers, 80% felt that it was within their scope of practice and 60.9% indicated spending 1-15 minutes daily on this endeavor. Hence, it is concluded that despite awareness by health professionals regarding the significance of smoking cessation, there is a lack of compliance exists in various steps for proper counseling and considerable variation exists in current practice patterns.
Further, the Journal welcomes articles from all the fields related to Addiction and Therapy.
For more information: https://jacobspublishers.com/volume-2-issue-3-archive-addiction-and-therapy/
- Yury Razvodovsky. Noncommercial Alcohol Drinking and Risk of Alcohol-Related Problems.
- Grace M. Scott, MSc, Hussain Alsaffar, MD, Philip C. Doyle, PhD, Wendy Townsend, RN, MN, Kevin Fung, MD. Smoking Cessation Practice: Do we Practice it Well? Do we know it Well.