Kesavan Ekambaram1* Ph.D
1School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author: Kesavan Ekambaram, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
Jacobs Journal of Addiction and Therapy is a broad-based Open Access journal covering all aspects of clinical research and addiction therapy. The journal publishes all the latest and outstanding research related to the prevention and treatment of alcohol addiction, tobacco, and other drug use across the spectrum of clinical field. Addiction Therapy and Clinical Research is committed to publish information related in the areas of addiction therapy and clinical medicine.
This Journal of Addiction and Therapy of Volume 2 Issue 1 publishes articles related to studies on induced behaviors during the treatments using Methamphetamine and presented Methamphetamine psychosis model using rodents , examining the relation between the consumption of different beverage types and liver cirrhosis mortality rates in Russia , and presented review article on improving treatments of alcoholism with help of evidence-based practices and programs like computer assisted games .
Methamphetamine (METH) is a potent central nervous system stimulant used as a recreational drug and treatment for hyperactivity disorder and obesity. Takayoshi Mamiya et al. ., studied induced behaviors during the treatments using Methamphetamine and presented Methamphetamine psychosis model using rodents. From studies, many neuropsychological symptoms including cognitive deficits, mood disorders, suicidal ideations, anxiety, hostility, psychomotor dysfunction, and in extreme cases paranoia, hallucinations, and delusions were produced in rodents and in as well as human with use of METH. However, it is also observed that the repeated use of METH in human results into multifaceted problems. Since, METH induces many of the deficits associated with schizophrenia, linked with positive symptoms, therefore, it can be considered and utilized as a schizophrenia model. Hence, METH psychosis rodent models will be helpful for studying the neuronal mechanism and for developing new therapeutic drugs.
Liver cirrhosis is a major cause of deaths in many developed countries. There is evidence that beverage preference may have modifying influence on liver cirrhosis risk independently of the amount of alcohol consumed. The aim of this study by Y. E. Razvodovsky. ., was to examine the relationship between the consumption of different beverage types and liver cirrhosis mortality rates in Russia. To examine the relationship between the sale of different alcoholic beverages like vodka, wine, beer and age-standardized male and female liver cirrhosis mortality, data from period 1970 to 2005, Time-series analytical modeling techniques (ARIMA) were used. From analysis, sale of total alcohol was seen to be statistically significant related with both male and female liver cirrhosis mortality rates of 17.2% and 5.3% in males and females respectively. Studies also suggested that the three beverages vodka, beer and wine are allied with liver cirrhosis mortality in Russia and 1-liter increase in vodka sale would result in a 37.6% and 9.3% increase in male and female mortality rate. Hence, findings from present study demonstrates a close link between alcohol consumption and liver cirrhosis mortality depending on the beverage preferences.
In many nations, a large portion of adults consume alcoholic beverages and develops a strong habit of drinking intoxicating amounts. Habitual intake of this amounts results as a risk-factor for health and society. At point when alcohol consumption becomes a problem the drinker might enter a treatment program voluntarily or by compulsion and the available treatments are not usually designed to help the drinker achieve and sustain self-discipline. Larry D. Reid. ., presented review article on improving treatments of alcoholism with help of evidence-based practices and programs like computer assisted games. This game like programs helps in rehabilitating the cognitive processes reduced due to consumption of toxic amounts. However, prescribing naltrexone will facilitate psychotherapy and rehabilitating diminished cognitive ability. Author concludes by keeping his thoughts like – if national system take charges of treating alcoholism regularly, half of the heaviest drinkers will become temperate and results in alcohol beverage industries suffer and that would be a good cause.
The Journal welcomes articles from all the fields related to Addiction and Therapy.
For more information: https://jacobspublishers.com/volume-2-issue-1-archive-addiction-and-therapy/
- Takayoshi Mamiya*, Masayuki Hiramatsu. Methamphetamine Psychosis Model: Simulation of Behaviors Induced by Methamphetamine Treatment in Rodents.
- E. Razvodovsky. The Effects of Beverage Type on Liver Cirrhosis Mortality Rate in Russia
- Larry D. Reid. Improving Treatment of Alcoholism by Using Evidence-based Practices and Computer-assisted Game-like Programs.