Editor note: Pediatrics

Editor note: Pediatrics

Kumar Blesso, M.Sc., M.Phil., PhD

1Department of Bioinformatics, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding author: Kumar Blesso, Department of Bioinformatics, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Jacobs Journal of Pediatrics publishes discoveries and advancements in medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. Also, journal focuses on Pediatric Endocrinology, innate-immunity, interventional-cardiac-catheterization, pulmonary-rehabilitation, pediatric-oncology, child-obesity, inborn-errors, childhood-asthma, protein-misfolding-disorder, and pediatrics-sinusitis.

Journal of Pediatrics of volume 1 issue 2 publishes articles, verifying the relationship between mothers and their preterm infant’s cardiac autonomic modulation that can influence cardiac autonomic modulation [1], study showing that the Pediatric Advanced Life Support course is inadequate to teach pediatric residents resuscitation [2], examining inter-parental agreement on ratings of social-emotional, behavioral problems and competencies in 1 to 3 year-old children [3].

Infant growth and wellbeing of preterm neonate’s clinical concerns motivated this study. Arthur Ferreira Vale et al. [1]., did a systematic review of the publications examining cardiac autonomic modulation and verified the relationship between mothers and their preterm infants that can influence cardiac autonomic modulation. This review concluded that in spite the scarcity of relevant studies in the literature, the relationship between mothers and their pre-term infants is crucial to increase cardiac autonomic modulation. However, additional researches along with clinical evidence pointing towards the impact of any intervention with preterm infants or mothers are significant. The involvement of mother with her baby will produce a stronger bond, encouraging the adequate neurocardiac and sympathovagal balance development.

The course of Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) is intended to teach the pediatric provider initial stabilization of critically ill children. Author hypothesized that although PALS may initially teach residents the knowledge and skills needed to resuscitate children, but this information is not retained. This study by Nicole Baier et al. [2]., shows that the PALS course is inadequate to teach pediatric residents resuscitation as knowledge declines over time and significant skills are not learned. Due to the lack of knowledge and minimal progress in skill performance, residency programs should be cautious about basing resident resuscitation education on Pediatric Advanced Life Support. Author suggests other instructional techniques need to be employed but learning should be formally analyzed to ensure that residents are prepared for the emergencies that they may encounter in practice.

Clinically significant emotional and behavioral problems exist even among infants younger than 3 years old. These early problems are not transient but are sustained into school age. Accordingly, Satoshi Yago et al. [3]., examined inter-parental agreement on ratings of social-emotional and behavioral problems and competencies in 1 to 3 year old children. Author used the Japanese version of the Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (J-ITSEA), which appraise social-emotional problem behaviors such as externalizing and internalizing along with dysregulation and areas of competence like attention, and empathy in 1 to 3 year-old children. The findings of this study indicated that there is moderate agreement, as well as gender differences, between mothers and fathers in the rating of infant’s social-emotional problem behaviors and competence. Compared to mothers, fathers perceived more externalizing and dysregulation behavior problems in boys, whereas mothers reported more internalizing behavior problems in girls. Mothers perceived more social-emotional competence in boys and girls than fathers did.

For more information: https://jacobspublishers.com/jacobs-journal-of-pediatrics-issn-2475-4943

Reference

  1. Vale A F. A Systematic Review of Cardiac Autonomic Modulation in Mothers and Their Infants. J J Pedia. 2015, 1(2): 008.
  2. Mink R. Do Pediatric Residents Learn Resuscitation from Pediatric Advanced Life Support (Pals) Training?. J J Pedia. 2015, 1(2): 009.

Satoshi Yago. Interparental Agreement on Ratings of Infants’ Social-Emotional and Behavioral Problems and Competencies. J J Pedia. 2015, 1(2): 010.

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