Editor notes: Ophthalmology
Anbarasu Krishnan*, Ph.D
Department of Bioinformatics, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author: Anbarasu Krishnan, Department of Bioinformatics, School of Biosciences and Technology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
The Journal of Ophthalmology covers all areas of ophthalmology, including basic science investigations and clinical studies supporting the scientific innovation and advancement in Ophthalmology research community.
The Journal of Ophthalmology of volume 2 issue 2 published articles on the applicability of using perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) – and brilliant blue G (BBG) – assisted technique for peeling of internal limiting membrane (ILM) during vitrectomy surgery , reported the weight of children who opted for cataract surgery at a child eye health tertiary facility , explored a possible link between retinoblastoma and erythrocyte blood group , and presented a population-based cross-sectional study on prevalence of manifest hyperopia among high school in a Ghanaian metropolis , and assessed the outcome of scleral buckling (SB) surgery using 25-gauge chandelier illumination .
Macular hole-related retinal detachment (MHRD) is a special type of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) (occurs when a tear in the retina leads to fluid accumulation) and a common entity in highly myopic eyes. Here, Wenyan Peng et al. ., described in details a novel technique to demonstrate the applicability of using perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) – and brilliant blue G (BBG) – assisted technique for peeling of internal limiting membrane (ILM) during vitrectomy (removing small portions of the vitreous humor from the front structures of the eye) with macular hole-related retinal detachment (MHRD) surgery. This study involved 18 eyes from 18 consecutive patients with MHRD who were peeled ILM underwent BBG and PFCL assisted and followed up 6 months or more. From obtained results, this technique enables peeling ILM easy and surgery perfectly by improving visualization of the ILM. Author concludes that it is a simple, safe, effective and comfortable surgical technique of peeling internal limiting membrane under PFCL with BBG dye guided in MH-RD surgery.
Nutrition in children is important for physical, mental, cognitive development including visual function. Recently nutritional disorders in childhood are suspected to cause systemic and ocular pathologies in adulthood. Roseline E Duke et al. ., reported the weight of children who opted for cataract surgery at a child eye health tertiary facility. A retrospective cross-sectional observational study was conducted. Sixty-six children with cataract were studied. The body weight records of children aged three months to fifteen years who presented for surgery with bilateral congenital and developmental cataracts was documented in kilograms. All subjects had ocular and systemic examinations to detect co-existing systemic conditions. However, author concluded complete anthropometric (measurement of the human physical variation) measures should be taken at the earliest contact in children with childhood cataract. Hence, this may point to the need for further systemic evaluation including nutritional screening and early referral for nutritional intervention.
In infant and child, retinoblastoma is a high-malignity tumor, genetically determined and are developed from immature retinal cells with a global incidence of 1/18000 births. This study by Ouattara et al. ., aims to explore a possible link between retinoblastoma and erythrocyte blood group, the latter genetically induced. For this, descriptive study was carried out based on hospitalization records of 16 children carriers of retinoblastoma for a period of eleven-years. Retinoblastoma is a genetic-origin tumor bound to the RB1- gene double mutation. It was determined that the expressiveness of this mutation could have a link with other biological markers such as the erythrocyte blood groups in the AB0 system and Rh system. However, this study was not able to establish if there is no link among retinoblastoma and AB group and Rh-negative group subjects. Through more studies could confirm the protective role of certain erythrocyte groups towards retinoblastoma occurrence.
David Ben Kumah et al. ., presented a population-based cross-sectional study on prevalence of manifest hyperopia (a vision condition in which nearby objects are blurry) among high school in a Ghanaian metropolis. On this purpose total of 662 students from 12 different high schools were examined. Data analysis was done by using GraphPad Prism version 6 and descriptive statistics with Pearson correlation coefficient and chi test were performed. From studies, no significant difference was observed and only 4% of the study participants wore spectacle correction. This indicates that the participants and other people at their age in Ghana will benefit from refractive screening and correction services. Author suggests that the Ghana Education Service should thus implement a policy on rolling basis to help screen, detect and correct hyperopia and other forms of ametropia in students.
A scleral buckle is one of several ophthalmologic procedures that can be used to repair a retinal detachment. Hui Li et al. ., assess the outcome of scleral buckling (SB) surgery using 25-gauge chandelier illumination and non-contact wide-angle viewing system under the surgical microscope. From non-comparative studies, from June 2013 to June 2014, 41 eyes of 41 patients diagnosed as single break rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) were included and underwent SB using 25-gauge chandelier illumination combined with non-contact wide-angle viewing system. The obtained results indicated that the SB surgery is still a valid treatment option for RRD and also usage of 27-gauge chandelier might reduce the risk.
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- Hui Chen. A Modified Vitrectomy Technique for Macular Hole-Related Retinal Detachment. J J Ophthalmol. 2016, 2(2): 017.
- Roseline E Duke. Weight of Children Presenting with Childhood Cataract. J J Ophthalmol. 2016, 2(2): 018.
- Ouattara Y. ABO and Rhesus Blood Groups and Retinoblastoma. J J Ophthalmol. 2016, 2(2): 020.
- David Ben Kumah et al. Prevalence of Manifest Hyperopia among High School Students in a Ghanaian Metropolis: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study. J J Ophthalmol. 2016, 2(2): 021.
- Fang Wang. 25-gauge Chandelier Illumination-Assisted Scleral Buckling: A Retrospective Study. J J Ophthalmol. 2016, 2(2): 022.