Addiction Disorders and Therapy

The Use of Marijuana among Adolescents and Young Adults and Its Impact on Mental Health

*Anuoluwapo Ibironke Adelodun
Department Of Mental Health, University Of Texas South Western Medical Center, United States

*Corresponding Author:
Anuoluwapo Ibironke Adelodun
Department Of Mental Health, University Of Texas South Western Medical Center, United States
Email:ronnie28uk@yahoo.co.uk

Published on: 2019-06-17

Abstract

Marijuana is one of the most commonly abused illicit drugs in the world. Its use has increased in recent years. According to research, there appears to be a complex relationship between the use of marijuana and potential psychiatric morbidity. Different studies reveal an association with, psychosis, schizophrenia and school dropouts. This review article aims to critique relevant studies that have examined this association.

Keywords

Marijuana, Cannabis, Adolescent, Mental Health, Schizophrenia, Psychosis

Introduction

Marijuana is one of the greatly abused illicit drugs in the world. Other synonyms for marijuana include cannabis, Indian hemp, weed, hashish or ganja. Marijuana use usually begins in adolescence with the use of tobacco usually preceding or coinciding with its onset. In most cases, young people are initiated by close friends or relatives. Curiosity appears to be the most common motivator for the first experience. The use of marijuana has increased in the past few years. According to research, there appears to be a complex relationship between the use of marijuana and potential psychiatric morbidity. Another study showed an association between schizophrenia and the use of marijuana. Marijuana use during adolescence may cause an earlier age of onset of psychosis than would have occurred in its absence. Growing evidence reveals that early and regular use of marijuana is associated with schizophrenia.