Applied Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine

Does Education and Interrupted Work Experience Help To Explain Why Childhood Health Is Related To Later Life Quality: Evidence from CHARLS

Published on: 2019-07-30


Background: China is experiencing rapid population aging. How to make sure prolonged longevity is accompanied by good quality of life needs to be investigated. Methods: This study uses the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) 2013 survey data to examine how different measures of later life quality are influenced by childhood health and mediated by education, interrupted work experience and other social economic factors. CHARLS is a nationally representative longitudinal survey of older people in China aged 45 years and over with detailed retrospective information on childhood health collected among more than 18, 000 individuals in 150 districts and 450 villages. Results: The findings indicate that childhood health is significantly associated with all measures of later life quality, with education and interrupted work experience being the significant and important mediators. Conclusion: The results can inform actions to improve life-long social and health equity by enhancing equal access to education and health resources and improving life-long continuous labour force participation, especially for vulnerable groups.


Childhood health; later life quality; education; interrupted work experience; mediators; China