International Journal of Clinical and Medical Imaging

The Diagnosis of Atherosclerosis by Using Digital Image Processing

*Kadhim AJeel Obaid
Department Of Physics, HI Qer University, Iraq

*Corresponding Author:
Kadhim AJeel Obaid
Department Of Physics, HI Qer University, Iraq
Email:ajeelkadhim@gmail.com

Published on: 2019-04-19

Abstract

Accelerating the pace of scientific progress and that focus in the field of human service requirements is to provide daily health and service. Health aspect is one of the most important themes of science that needs to be searched because it has a direct impact on human existence. Medical Physics is one of the branches of the Physics Department that deals with the interest of providing theoretical or scientific foundations which had the aims to provide scientific services in the medical field. The subject of the medical image processing is one of the applications of this section. It aims to increase the efficiency of medical diagnostic systems to provide an integrated diagnostic system that works to distinguish a heart disease and an atherosclerosis. The main focus of this study depends on medical images that were obtained from patients in Nasiriyah Heart Center, where the researcher was taking images for arteries feeding the heart muscle of persons injured and others to be healthy. Set of operations were performed on these images derived from work areas and the separation of these areas from the rest of unimportant information within the image. Then it was reclaimed process recipes, which had been brought into the neural network, the use of 110 images to train the network 60 and 50 were used for the test. The next step is to count the number of qualities for each image after it has been extracted artery of the image by making some operations on this image. The proposed system has proven successful in the conduct of the diagnostic process through the results obtained on the ratio of 100% in the training phase. And 92% in the testing phase.

Keywords

Medical Physics; arteries; abnormal; digital image

Introduction

The increase use of digital images in recent years due to the availability of technology equipment has made the process of dealing with the images of things possible. Conventional cameras are based on physics based which control lighting. When the user enters the lens to control the amount and direction of light[1]. Not Only the Digital camera requires a simple knowledge by the user, but also the principle of its work depends on converting light into Electrical discharges and converts the image into a series of binary digits (zeros and ones) to represent the points of the image [2]. The enormous development of computer technology and the great advances in digital recording of images helped the emergence of devices that allow access to images without chemical processing. It has raised some of the advantages offered by digital photography, such as the stability of the image quality (regardless of the length of the storage); the time for copies number; and the possibility of computer processing. Also, it has attended many of the workers in the Medical fields to the field of digital photography [3]. The simple computer-aided screenings are methods of computer systems that help physicians in the initial interpretation and classification of the medical images. Simple computer-assisted screening is a sub-program of computer-aided diagnostic software (Computer-Aided Detection/Diagnosis –CAD).