International Journal of Spine and Neurosurgery

Ergonomic Factors Effects Human Spine

*Jhansi Laxmi G
Department Of Bio Chemistry, Institute Of Indian Academy, Bangalore University, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author:
Jhansi Laxmi G
Department Of Bio Chemistry, Institute Of Indian Academy, Bangalore University, Karnataka, India
Email:gjhansi12@gmail.com

Published on: 2018-12-28

Abstract

The spine is a tubular structure made up of nervous tissue that prolongs from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column. It encloses the central canal of the spinal cord that contains cerebrospinal fluid. The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system. There are 31 segments in a human spine: 8 cervical segments, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar segments, 5 sacral segments and 1 coccygeal segment as showed in figure 1. Mainly neck pain caused when cervical segments will undergo stress whereas back pain is due to thoracic segments. Recent studies confirm that globally people are facing most common problems of neck and back pain due to Work-related musculoskeletal stress

Keywords

Ergonomic Factors, Human Spine, tubular structure, coccygeal segment

Introduction

duction The spine is a tubular structure made up of nervous tissue that prolongs from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column. It encloses the central canal of the spinal cord that contains cerebrospinal fluid. The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system. There are 31 segments in a human spine: 8 cervical segments, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar segments, 5 sacral segments and 1 coccygeal segment as showed in figure 1. Mainly neck pain caused when cervical segments will undergo stress whereas back pain is due to thoracic segments. Recent studies confirm that globally people are facing most common problems of neck and back pain due to Work-related musculoskeletal stress. (Figure 1) At the point when a man is requested to do work that is outside his body’s capacities and impediments, he is being asked to put his musculoskeletal at peril. In these cases, an objective evaluation of the workstation design tells us the worker’s recovery system will not be able to keep up with the weakness that will be affected by performing the job. The evaluation will tell us that ergonomic risk factors are present; the worker is at risk of raising a musculoskeletal imbalance and a musculoskeletal disorder [1]