Socio-Economic Determinants Of Extension Workers’ Job Performance In Abia State, Nigeria
Published on: 2018-12-21
This study ascertained the socio-economic determinants of extension workers’ job performance in Abia State, Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were collected with a structured questionnaire; from 86 respondents, which included 56 Extension Agents, 14 Block Extension Agents, 14 Block Extension Supervisors and 2 Zonal Extension Officers; and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. These include frequency counts, percentages, means, and regression analysis. A null hypothesis was tested at 5% level of significance. The result of the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents shows that majority 50%, 35.7% and 44.6% of BESs, BEAs and EAs fall within active economic and productive age bracket of 35- 44 years; while the ZEOs were between 45-54 years. Most of the ZEOs (100%), BESs (85.7%) and EAs (48.2%) were males; except BEAs who was mainly females (80%). Greater proportion such as 78.57%, 54.29% and 53.6% of BESs, BEAs and EAs were polytechnics and university graduates; who had worked between 5-9 years with percentage values of 57.14%, 64.3% and 83.93% respectively; except ZEOs who had higher years of working experience of 15-19 and 20-24 years respectively. From all criteria considered, a linear functional form was chosen as the lead equation; from where a high coefficient of multiple determinations (R2 ) of 63.7% which showed the magnitude of variation in the job performance of the extension workers due to their socio-economic characteristics. All the independent variables were positively signed; while marital status, education and working experience were statistically significant at various levels of 1%, 5% and 10% respectively. The null hypothesis tested was rejected. This means that the socio-economic characteristics of the field extension workers greatly influenced their job performance in the study area. It was recommended that more female extension workers should be employed to increase extension farmers’ ratio among the women farmers. Extension workers with a higher level of education and job experience should be employed and motivated through a better welfare package to enable them to remain in the job.