Jacobs Journal of Aquaculture and Research

The effect of Bergamot essential oils against Vibrio anguillarum: a pathogenic fish species

*M Mancuso
Department Of Marine Biology, Institute For Biological Resources And Marine Biotechnology, Messina, Italy, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
M Mancuso
Department Of Marine Biology, Institute For Biological Resources And Marine Biotechnology, Messina, Italy, Italy
Email:monique.mancuso@iamc.cnr.it

Published on: 2018-10-23

Abstract

The present study is focused to evaluate the effects of Bergamot Essential Oil and its terpene against fish pathogen species. The antimicrobial activity was investigated in vitro against Vibrio anguillarum strains. The chemical composition was also analysed. Results showed that both essential oils were effective against this species, reducing bacterial growth for 3 days. The results suggest that bergamot oils may be used as an effective antimicrobial system to reduce the microbial growth and constitute an useful alternative in aquaculture farms to prevent bacterial fish diseases.

Keywords

citrus essential oils,; antimicrobial properties ;Vibrio anguillarum

Introduction

Aquaculture is emerging all over the world because of the increasing demand for food fish consumption. The intensive culture if may respond to the request of foods as nobile fish proteins, on the other hand, has led to outbreaks of various bacterial diseases [1-5], resulting in annual economic losses to the aquaculture industry estimated at billions of dollars worldwide [6]. Among bacterial diseases Vibriosis is one of the most important and may affect any marine fish species [7- 11]. The vibriosis can be a significant problem in striped bass reared in salt water both plant or cages as well as wild fish [12]