Jacobs Journal of Cancer Science and Research

Evaluating the Effect of an Educational Teaching Model on the Knowledge about Breast Cancer among Female University Students in Iraq

*Nada AS Alwan
Department Of Food Technology And Nutrition, National Cancer Research Center/ Baghdad University, Iraq

*Corresponding Author:
Nada AS Alwan
Department Of Food Technology And Nutrition, National Cancer Research Center/ Baghdad University, Iraq

Published on: 2017-02-28


Aims: To determine the effects of peer education on the level of knowledge about breast cancer among female universities students in Baghdad city. Materials and Methods: A pre-test and post-test design was implemented to evaluate the effectiveness of a Breast Cancer educational model among 144 female university students (72 from the College of Nursing/ Baghdad University (Group I) and 72 from the College of Education/English Department /Al-Mystansireya University (Group II). Before introducing the health education model, each participant was asked to complete pre-coded standardized questionnaire which were redistributed after the intervention to evaluate the level of the gained knowledge. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, independent Student’s t test, and paired Student’s t test. Results: The mean knowledge scores increased significantly from 54.375 ± 13.372 to 79.375 ± 10.875 among the first group and from 38.888± 15.749to 69.097±13.277 among the second (p < 0.001). Conclusions: There was a significant rise in the standard of knowledge about breast cancer after these interventions. Nurses and other health professionals are urged to gain adequate perception about breast cancer and to contribute effectively in promoting the primary health care system and cancer control planning programs.


Breast Cancer; Risk Factors; Peer Education; Female; University; Students


Globally, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy among women. It is also the leading cause of cancer- related deaths, case fatality rates being highest in low resource countries. In Iraq, it ranked the first cancer among the Iraqi population since the last two decades. Features that justify increasing efforts for breast cancer control in developing countries in general and Iraq in particular include the younger ages and advanced stages at the time of presentation and the likely prevalence of more aggressive tumours resulting in greater fatality rates. Studies from Iraq obviously illustrate significant knowledge gaps about the relative importance of breast cancer in the community; suggesting a potential to take practical policy decisions that aim at increasing early detection through elevating the level of awareness among Iraqi women.