Jacobs Journal of Cancer Science and Research

Principles of Nutritional Support in Cancer Patients

*Timothy Allen
Department Of Oncology, Enter For Excellence In Research And Development, United States

*Corresponding Author:
Timothy Allen
Department Of Oncology, Enter For Excellence In Research And Development, United States
Email:Timothy.Allen@gapsos.com

Published on: 2015-11-22

Abstract

Cancer patients are already compromised on nutrition. A good nutrition plays a very important role in cancer patient. Malnutrition delays overall recovery of patient from cancer treatment and may lead to further Serious Complications. On the other hand, regular exposure of cancer patient to anti cancer therapy leads to inadequate nutrient intake and subsequent malnutrition. According to American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund, it was estimated that approximately 30-50% cancer can be prevented by good healthy diet, physical activities and proper maintenance of body weight [1]. Health care professional should screen malnutrition at early, during and post treatment phase and manage theses issue according to the available guidelines. This review article will focus on ideology of nutrition, method of assessment for malnutrition, and Garson therapy in context to cancer patient.

Keywords

Nutrition; Malnutrition; Parenteral Nutrition; Enteral Nutrition; Gerson Therapy; Cancer

Introduction

The term nutrient was derived from Greek word “norisshe” (around 1250). Nutrition plays an important role in treatment of Cancer patient [2]. According to dictionary, a Nutrient can be defined as a “Substance that an organism must obtain from its surroundings for growth and sustenance of life”. Nutrients are divided into two main categories: essential and non essential nutrition. Essential nutrients are those which are not synthesize within the human body and must be absorbed from the surroundings. Nonessential nutrition refers to those which can be synthesized within the human body. They are a source of energy and are the major ingredient for structural and functional build up of the human body.