*Usama Razzaq Institute Of Molecular Biology And Biotechnology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Usama Razzaq
Institute Of Molecular Biology And Biotechnology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Pakistan Email:email@example.com
Published on: 2019-03-16
Ergotism; Calviceps Purpurea fungus; arterial spasm and Ergot or Ergotamine
Ergotism is a human fungal disease caused by a fungus Calviceps Purpurea due to the consumption of bread contaminated with its poisonous material called ergot. This fungus grows on edible crops i.e. rye of flour, wheat and cereal crops. Molds of fungus in the flowering part of the feed produces a purple or black mass called ergot. When this mass matures, wind carries fungal spores containing ergot to the flower of other crops where these spores germinate, infect and destroy the ovaries of plants. Then these crops matures while containing poisonous or alkaloids materials, a black or purple mass is produced called ergot. Humans caught this disease when they consume bread or flour contaminated with this poisonous material. Signs and symptoms of this disease are spasm, convulsions, gangrene and even death. Its treatments are also taken in the form of intravenous or intra arterial infusion of sodium nitroprusside or nitroglycerine therapeutical measures. Ergot can be separated from the yield by placing kernels contaminated with ergot in a brine solution, the body of ergot float while the kernel of grains sink and this yields is now free from ergot and can be used as food .