Jacobs Journal of Emergency Medicine

Effect of Socio-Demographic Variables on the Prevalence of Anaemia Among Pregnant Women in Sokoto, Nigeria

Published on: 2014-08-25


Background: Anaemia is a major public health problem affecting all ages of the population with its highest prevalence among the children under five years of age and pregnant women. The aim of this study was to determine the socio-demographic factors contributing to the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women in Sokoto, Nigeria.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive study, involving 273 pregnant women, was conducted between June and November, 2015. Socio-demographic characteristics of the participants were collected through structured questionnaire and the haemoglobin concentration of each subject determined using haematology analyser.

Results: Prevalence of anaemia showed significant relationship with occupation, educational status and family status (p<0.05) while marital status and residence showed no significant association with anaemia (p>0.05). Housewives had the highest prevalence of anaemia (44.3%) while the civil-servants had the least prevalence of 25.0%. Prevalence of anaemia decreases with increasing educational status as primary or no formal education, secondary education and tertiary education had prevalence of 80.0-83.3%, 53.8% and 19.4%, respectively.

Conclusion: The study has shown that occupation, educational status and family status had significant influences on the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women in Sokoto. It is therefore recommended that free education and employment opportunities be provided for the people of Sokoto State and most especially, the pregnant women as these efforts can ultimately reduce the high prevalence of anaemia.


Socio-Demographic Variables, Prevalence, Anaemia, Pregnant Women