Jacobs Journal of Food and Nutrition

High Serum Lycopene Concentration Decreases Mortality of Adults Aged 45 years or Older

*Rex Cheung
Department Of Food Technology And Nutrition, FROS Cyberknife Center, United States

*Corresponding Author:
Rex Cheung
Department Of Food Technology And Nutrition, FROS Cyberknife Center, United States
Email:rcheung@flushingros.com

Published on: 2015-04-06

Abstract

Background Lycopene is a vegetable and fruit antioxidant that has ubiquitous health benefits. This study used public use National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) data to investigate if high plasma lycopene concentration reduced mortality in adults. Patients and Methods NHANES III complex probabilistic household adult, laboratory and mortality data were merged. Specialized survey analysis software was used. Plasma lycopene concentration was analyzed with potential demographic, socioeconomic and health status cofounders. Results The significant univariabes were: age, plasma lycopene concentration (LYPSI), poverty income ratios (DMPPIR), and drinking hard liquor. After multivariate analysis limited to sample persons 45 years or older, the predictors remained significant after adjustment were: age, LYPSI, Mexican American race and DMPPIR. Conclusion Serum lycopene was associated with 88% risk reduction in all cause mortality in adults 45 years or older. Including lycopene rich products in diets may be beneficial for middle and older aged adults.

Keywords

NHANES III; Serum Lycopene; All Cause Mortality; adults; Older Than 45 years

Introduction

Lycopene is an important non-toxic red pigment that has been used in food coloring. The chemical properties and methods of extraction are currently actively studied. Lycopene is a polyunsaturated fatty molecule that occurs in a large variety of fruits and vegetables. In Western diets, tomato is a major source of lycopene. In Southeast Asia, their main staple and fruit GAC has 50 times higher in lycopene content per gram of wet fruit (http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Lycopene#cite_note-14) than tomato. In epidemiology studies lycopene has been found to have various health benefits because of its anti-oxidant effects.