Jacobs Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioural Science

Psychiatry and Behavioral Science 3

Arthi Venkatesan
Department Of Psychiatry And Behavioral Sciences, VIT University, India

Published on: 2018-12-16

Abstract

Jacobs Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science is committed to publish leading articles related to the disciplines of psychiatry like branches of psychiatrics, Psychotherapy, Addiction psychiatry, Biological psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry, Stress, Psycotrauma, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

Keywords

Psychiatry; Behavioral Science

Introduction

Lotta Vahlne Westerhall, researched and presented article on Suicidality–Medical Care and Treatment in a Legal Perspective-A Question of Suicide Prevention. The present work is enquiring into the legal implications of suicide and suicidality in Swedish health and medical legislation.

Copyright: © 2018 Arthi Venkatesan

Jacobs Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science is committed to publishing leading articles related to the disciplines of psychiatry like branches of psychiatrists, Psychotherapy, Addiction Psychiatry, Biological Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry, Stress, Psycotrauma, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science Volume 1 Issue 1 published articles discussing Suicidality – Medical Care and Treatment in a Legal Perspective – A Question of Suicide Prevention Law [1], Identifying Depression and Suicide Displays on Twitter: Key Search Terms and Characteristics [2], The Immune and Metabolic Factors of Schizophrenia [3].

Lotta Vahlne Westerhall. [1]., researched and presented an article on Suicidality–Medical Care and Treatment in a Legal Perspective-A Question of Suicide Prevention. The present work is enquiring into the legal implications of suicide and suicidality in Swedish health and medical legislation. Most people taking their own lives have been in contact with medical care before committing suicide, most commonly with psychiatric care or with general practitioners. The author discussed that can it be argued that medical law is also concerned with preventing suicide as far as possible, just as traffic safety law is concerned with reducing the number of traffic deaths? The ethical principles underpinning good healthcare include not only the principle of self-determination but also the principle of maximizing good and the principle of minimizing harm. Both voluntary and compulsory legal regulations can be said to have a suicide prevention function. Healthcare personnel has a duty of curing and relieving the suicidal individual and, if necessary, forcibly preventing him or her from committing suicide. However, implementation of correct analyses of events in connection with suicide is an exceedingly important instrument of suicide prevention.

Depression is a pervasive health issue, which often goes untreated. The social media website, Facebook, has been examined as a potential innovative tool to identify and engage individuals in treatment. Twitter, another social media website, has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study by author Megan Pumper et al. [2]., is to examine if and how depression and suicide references are being displayed on Twitter. Text analytics software, Discover Text, is used to collect public tweets using the search terms “depressed” and “depression” during one week in 2013. Within this sample, suicide-related terms were used to identify suicide-related tweets. A subsample of 1,000 “depression” and 324 suicide-related tweets was randomly selected for content analysis. The tweets were examined by three trained coders for categories of clinical relevance, tweet originality, format, and subject, and were examined using a validated depression symptom codebook. A total of 297,107 “depression” tweets and 7,538 suicide-related tweets were collected over seven days. The suicide-related search terms yielding the most clinically relevant references to suicide ideation included: “suicide”, “kill me”, and “want to die”. The “depression” tweets most commonly were comprised of unoriginal content (60.4%), personal experiences with depression (49.4%), and referenced depression in relation to the self (45.1%). The “suicide-related” tweets most commonly referenced original content, and similar to the “depression” tweets, most commonly referenced personal experiences and the self. The author suggests healthcare providers should be aware that Twitter is a potential outlet for discussing depression and suicide disclosures. Future research should examine the acceptability and feasibility of contacting these potentially at-risk individuals. 

Kumlesh et al. [3]., Schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental illness where involvement of both environmental and genetic triggers is proposed. While a neuronal cell-autonomous view of schizophrenia has been suggested, increasing evidence is pointing beyond intrinsic neuronal dysfunction to help explain reasons for this illness. In particular, the role of immune and metabolic systems, unifying the behavioral and physical factors of schizophrenia is being debated. In this model of disease, abnormal function, and communication between cells of the immune, metabolic and/or central nervous systems, in part, play a role. Particular support for this hypothesis comes from reports showing altered levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in patients with schizophrenia. In this review, the author discussed how metabolic and immune dysfunction may help explain and unify the genetic and environmental hypothesis of schizophrenia. Also, discussed how aberrant release of inflammatory markers from immune cells, adipocytes and glial cells could contribute to schizophrenia. Therefore, it is concluded, by asking if there are blood-borne signaling molecules released by these cells which still require discovery and could further explain this illness.

For more information: https://jacobspublishers.com/ june-2015-volume-1-issue-1-psychiatry-and-behavioral-science/

The Journal welcomes articles from all the fields related to Internal Medicine.

References

1.Lotta Vahlne Westerhäll. Suicidality – Medical Care and Treatment in a Legal Perspective – A Question of Suicide Prevention Law.

2. Megan Pumper, BA*,Erin Kelleher, Jennifer M. Whitehill, PhD Megan A. Moreno, MD, MSEd, MPH. Identifying Depression and Suicide Displays on Twitter: Key Search Terms and Characteristics

3. Kumlesh K. Dev and Kara E. O’Connell. The Immune and Metabolic Factors of Schizophrenia.