Jacobs Journal of Vaccines and Vaccination

Prior Experience and Knowledge as Correlates of Parental Acceptance of HPV Vaccination

Published on: 2018-11-28

Abstract

Objectives
Although the advent of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine holds the promise of preventing a major female reproductive cancer and genital warts, it is recognized that several factors may impact vaccine acceptance. Parental knowledge of HPV and its relation to cervical cancer, sources of HPV vaccine information, and prior experience with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) may contribute to attitudes toward this primary prevention effort.
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of factors contributing to knowledge of HPV and parental acceptance of HPV vaccination for their 9-18 year old daughters.
Design
A descriptive correlational study was conducted using an online survey platform. The sample consisted of 323 parents/guardians of 9-18 year old daughters from the greater New York area.
Methods
Parental HPV vaccine acceptability was measured by 4-item Likert scale. Responses of those who had not had daughters vaccinated (N = 218) were compared to responses of those (N = 105) that had already vaccinated their daughters against HPV. Those who did not intend to vaccinate were compared to those who intended to vaccinate.
Findings
There was a significant positive relationship between knowledge and prior experience; however, knowledge and prior experience with HPV related diseases were not significant predictors of HPV acceptance.

Keywords

Human Papillomavirus; Parental Acceptance; HPV Knowledge; Prior Experience with HPV