World Journal of STDs and AIDS

HIV Positive Sero-Status Disclosure to Sexual Partner and Associated Factors among People Living With HIV in Iran

Published on: 2019-06-18

Abstract

Objective: HIV status disclosure to sexual partner is important for optimal outcomes in prevention of transmission of HIV. The object of this study was to assess the predictors and reasons of HIV status disclosure in Iranian people living with HIV(IPLWH).
Method: A cross sectional study conducted at Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center (VCT) and Positive Club of Imam Khomeini Hospital. Samples of 340 individuals were selected by using randomized sampling techniques between August 2017 and March 2018. Data were collected through interviewer-administered questionnaire with 38-item and analyzed using SPSS version 21.0 software. Results: Majority of samples (93.6%) were revealed their HIV positive status to anyone. Disclosure was done towards the spouse (78%), casual sexual partner (7%), close family (34/2%) and friends (9/1%). From those undergoing Antiretroviral Therapy (93.4%), majority (76.4%) knew their partner’s HIV status. Most (57.8%) had HIV-positive partners, while 71(20.9%) participants reported having HIV-negative partners and 72(21.2%) had sexual partners whose HIV status they did not know. The binary analysis showed that disclosure was significantly related to age (COR=3.662, 95%CI=1.396, 9.604),

Keywords

HIV; Disclosure; Predictive factors