Volume 2 Issue 1

Volume 2 Issue 1

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Research Article

Public Awareness about Corona Virus for KAMC Visitors in Riyadh

Mohammed Al Shaalan1, Aamir Omair2, Muayad Alsharyoufi*3, Jamal Bin Abdullah3, Sultan Y Al-Howti3

Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first reported to the WHO in September 2012 in Saudi Arabia [1]. As of December18, 2015, the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia has confirmed 1280 cases of MERS-CoV infection, which include at least 551deaths [2]. Worldwide, as of 12 November 2015, coronavirus has affected about 1637 individuals across the worldincluding633 (39%) deaths [3,4].

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Research Article

Avian Influenza Risk Perception Among Egyptian Poultry Handlers

Lamiaa A Fiala1 , Moustafa AF Abbas*1

Avian influenza (AI) is an infectious viral disease of birds, including domestic poultry (as chickens, ducks and geese) [1], waterfowl and shorebirds [2]. The A(H5N1) virus subtype, a highly pathogenic AI virus, first infected humans in 1997 during a poultry outbreak in Hong Kong SAR, China. Since its widespread re-emergence in 2003 and 2004, this avian virus has spread from Asia to Europe and Africa, resulting in millions of poultry infections, several hundred human cases, and many human deaths [3]. The primary risk factor for human infection appears to be the direct contact with infected poultry as holding live or dead poultry, slaughtering, or defeathering them [4].

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Research Article

Community-Based Participatory Research Studies on HIV/AIDS Prevention, 2005-2014

Steven S Coughlin*1,2

Over the past decade, a rich literature has developed on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches to preventing morbidity and mortality from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in diverse communities [1-65].

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Research Article

Acceptability of Homemade Food, Zinc and Counseling to Reduce Growth-Faltering and Increase Catch up Growth after Diarrhea in India

Saijuddin Shaikh*1, Dilip Mahalanabis1, Dilip Paul2, Anumita Mallick3

Repeated attacks of diarrhea in the same children may lead to reduced weight gain or weight loss and hence, they need proper nutritional rehabilitation after diarrhea to enhance catch up growth. The purpose of the study was to test the acceptability of energy dense homemade food with counseling and zinc after diarrhea to reduce concurrent episodes of diarrhea and growth-faltering, and increase catch up growth. A total of 63 diarrheal patients, aged 6-12 months who stayed in hospital for 2-4 days were recruited in the study on their discharge day. Anthropometry, 7 days morbidities and food frequencies, breastfeeding for 24 hours by recall were collected at recruitment, and at 7 day, 1 month and 3 month home visits. Hemoglobin was determined at recruitment and at 3 month home visit. The supplement was given for 14 days. Zinc syrup was provided for first 7 days.

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Research Article

A Review of Smartphone Applications for Promoting Physical Activity

Steven S. Coughlin*1, Mary Whitehead2, Joyce Q. Sheats3, Jeff Mastromonico4, Selina Smith3,5

Sedentary behavior and physical activity are important public health issues [1,2].  Approximately one-third of adults in the U.S. are physically inactive [1]. The increasing prevalence of obesity in the U.S. and many other countries and the independent association of obesity with several forms of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other forms of chronic illness have prompted interest in identifying efficacious ways to promote physical activity and reduce obesity [2].  Among cancer survivors and persons living with other chronic illnesses, maintaining a healthy body weight reduces the risk of disease recurrence or progression [3].  There has been increasing interest in using cell phone text messaging and smartphone apps to promote physical activity.

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