An ‘Unholy Triad’: Coexistence of Symptoms Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Erectile Dysfunction in an Overweight/Obese Population
Chukwunonso E.C.C. Ejike*
Obesity, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and erectile dysfunction (ED) are health care challenges with high prevalence rates globally and particularly in Nigeria. Though obesity is linked to BPH and ED, the coexistence of BPH and ED in an overweight/obese population of Nigerian males has not been studied. This study is an attempt at filling that vacuum. Two hundred and seventy four overweight/obese subjects were assessed for the presence of symptoms of BPH and ED using the International Prostate Symptom Score and the 5-item International Index for Erectile Function questionnaires respectively.
Maternal Self-Efficacy and Perceived Barriers in Pediatric Overweight and Obesity
Molly Mishler Thomason, MA, MS*, Andrea A. Wojtowicz, M.S. and Rachel Neff Greenley, Ph.D
Maternal self-efficacy (SE) to support child eating and activity patterns of youth who are overweight/obese is an understudied topic, despite the key role of parents in influencing youth access to healthy eating (HE) and physical activity (PA). This study described SE and perceived barriers to HE and PA among mothers of youth with overweight/obesity and examined relationships between maternal SE and barriers to HE and PA. 222 mother-child dyads with youth with overweight/obesity from clinic or community weight management programs participated. Maternal SE was high overall, but SE to support HE was lowest when the mother would not be present to assist in making healthy choices.
Prospects about the Use of Açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) on the Modulation of the Inflammation and Energetic Metabolism in Overweight and Obese Individuals
Simone Fátima Gomes, Fernanda Cacilda Silva, Ana Carolina Pinheiro Volp*
The adiposity excess has as consequences metabolic complications which could predispose to the onset of chronic diseases concomitantly to induction of an inflammatory condition of low intensity by means of the secretion and expression of inflammatory cytokines in adipose tissue. These cytokines (IL-2, IL-4, IL-13, IL-15 e IFN-γ) may be involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism and food intake, contributing or minimizing the adipose tissue expansion. Some factors modulate the inflammation, such as body composition, biochemical, clinical and dietary parameters.