Volume 2 Issue 1
High lungworm burden in enclosed wild boar from Eastern Austria
Bettina Lechner*, Barbara Hinney, Georg Duscher, Anja Joachim
Besides roe and red deer, wild boar is one of the most important hoofed game species in Central Europe. Due to the difficult hunt and the excessive food supply the populations are constantly increasing. Growing populations in restricted habitats however pose an increasing risk of parasitic infections. Especially in game enclosures it must be assumed that the transmission risk for various pathogens increases inordinately.
Toxicopathological Effects of Furazolidone on Ovaries of Adult Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
Azizollah Khodakaram-Tafti*, Keramat Asasi, Neda Keshtkar
Furazolidone is an antibacterial compound used for prevention and treatment of bacterial and protozoal diseases in humans and animals. To evaluate the adverse toxicopathological effects of feeding furazolidone on ovaries, an experiment was conducted using adult Japanese quail as an animal model. Eighty adult femalequails, were divided into 4 equal control and treatment groups. Furazolidone was administered to treatment groups as a feed additive at doses of 400, 800 and 1200 mg/ kg to feed for a period of 14 days. One groupwas reared without furazolidone fed as control. Ovaries of ten birds from each control and treatment groups afterone and two weeks were evaluated grossly and histopathologically.
Lyme Disease in Clinically Sick Dogs in Southern US: Assessing Geographical and Seasonal distribution during year 2012 – 2011 in Texas
Erin McGregor, May M. Boggess, Abha Grover, Sandy Rodgers, Blanca Lupiani and Maria D. Esteve-Gassent*
Lyme disease is not reported in veterinary medicine, even though dogs have been described as sentinels for this disease. Most of the canine Lyme disease studies in the US have been focused in endemic areas, and few studies have been done in Southern US. The objective of this study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of Lyme disease in dogs suspected of having a tick borne illness in Texas. A total of 831 dog-serum samples collected during 2011-12 were tested. Ticks collected though passive surveillance were also evaluated for the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi and B. lonestari.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis confirmed in a Goat
Glen Wright*, DVM, Robert Purvis, DVM, Julie Anne Valliant, RVT RLAT, Joanna Hyland DVM, MS, DACVP, Norman Scarbrough, CVT, Godfrey Nurse, MS, Angela Jakes, MS, Michelle Driver
A 3 month-old Boer cross buck kid was confirmed to have died from an infection of Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) in a rural county of North Florida. Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis and Rabies were included in the list of deferential diagnoses as possible causes of neurologic symptoms that could occur in adolescent caprine. PCR analysis of fresh brain tissue preformed at Department of Health in Tampa, Florida (via the Bronson Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (BADDL) in Kissimmee, Florida) showed positive for EEE, then positive by virus isolation. The sample was negative for West Nile Virus, and the fluorescent antibody test for Rabies was negative.
Ventricular Dysrhythmias Are Associated With Elevated Cardiac Troponin I Concentrations In Dogs With And Without Underlying Structural Heart Disease
Meg M. Sleeper VMD*, DACVIM (cardiology), Julia Shih VMD, Kristin N. Boddy (DVM, DACVIM (cardiology), Ken Drobatz DVM, MSCE, DACVECC, ACVIM (SAIM)
This study sought to identify whether circulating cardiac troponin I (cTnI) levels could be used as a screening test to identify dogs with symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias. It further evaluated the association between various arrhythmia characteristics and patient outcome. Forty-seven client-owned dogs presenting with clinical signs suggestive of dysrhythmia underwent evaluation with echocardiography, ambulatory electrocardiography and cTnI levels were drawn concurrently. Twenty-one normal dogs served as controls. Five to eight years after dogs were enrolled in the study, records were reviewed and survival was evaluated by phone interviews with owners.
Evaluation of Two Populations of Equine Stem Cells in Promotion of Bone Healing in a Nude Rat Fracture Model
Rodolfo Nino-Fong*, Blanca P. Esparza Gonzalez, Enrique Aburto, Marion Desmarchelier, Juan Carlos Rodriguez-Lecompte,Laurie A. McDuffee
Equine bone marrow (BM) derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been used as a potential cell-based therapy in bone healing due to their osteogenic differentiation capacity. In this tibia fracture model in nude rats, the new bone formation was evaluated using a cell-based treatment with either fractioned or heterogeneous population of equine BM MSC in combination with Fibrin Glue (FG).