Timing of Physical Training to Optimize Metabolism: Founding a Workable Public Health Program
Critical DiscussionSince human physiologically is oriented based on its evolution of intermediary metabolism and endocrinology, evening and overnight are when the body is more prone to metabolic complexities [1-4]. Both body and brain human work is affected by such evolutionary patterns of lifestyle . Owing to the occurrence of most physical and mental activities during morning and day-time, hormones of mainly insulin have evolved to be more actively involved in metabolic bioprocessing during light-phase of the circadian period. As a result of the much less nutrient required overnight vs. daytime, less insulin must be needed to handle nutrients consumed [6,7].
ImplicationsOptimal timing of adequately intense physical exercise has immense capacities to improve human endocrinology and metabolism. The evolutionary and challenging reductions in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity can be effectively overcome with appropriate timing of exercise in the modern metabolically imbalance lifestyle.
Thanks to the Ministry of Science Research and Technology, National Elite Foundation, and University of Zanjan for supporting the author’s global programs of optimizing science edification in the third millennium.