Measurements and Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Aspects of Styloid Apophyses in African with Black Skin
Konaté I, Kouassi KPB, Bravo-Tsri AB, Tanoh KE , Vangah K, N’dri K, Tetchi NNH, Gbazi GC , Seka AR
The styloid apophysis is a bony process that emerges from the petrous portion of the temporal bone. When abnormally long, it may be responsible for irritation of the neurovascular structures with major manifestation such as the Eagle syndrome. The exploration of the styloid apophysis in medical imaging has long called for conventional radiography. However, the different incidences proposed are unsatisfactory.
Submental Orotracheal Intubation: An Alternative to Open Tracheotomy in Maxillofacial Surgery Patients
Christopher J. Haggerty DDS MD* , Christopher T. Vogel DDS
Submental orotracheal intubation is a safe, efficient and predictable means of establishing a short term airway in maxillofacial surgery patients requiring maxillo-mandibular fixation (MMF) and dental occlusal references when nasal intubation is contraindicated. Submental orotracheal intubation allows for the placement of an airway through the soft tissues of the submental triangle, while circumventing the oral and nasal cavity. Submental orotracheal intubation should not be viewed as an alternative to open tracheotomy in patients requiring long-term ventilation.
Cervical Necrotizing Fasciitis of Dental Origine: A Case Report and Review
CHKOURA K*, KECHNA H., OUZZAD O., LOUTID J., TOUIHEM N., KETTANI M. HACHIMI MA., HANAFI SM.
Cervical necrotising fasciitis constitutes an infectious emergency whose the starting point is located in the oral cavity or the pharynx with a direct infection of the cervical region by transmucosal way. The progression of the infection can be towards the mediastinum with the development of a life-threatening necrotising mediastinitis. The diagnosis is mainly clinical, the radiographic evaluation are particularly useful for assessing the extent of damage .In most cases, it is mixed polymicrobial infections.
Increased Subsequent Risk of Head and Neck Cancer for Men With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: New Evidence from Nationwide Cohort Study
Nancy HsaoYen Chang, Chin-Lung Kuo*
We have read with great interest the recently published article, entitled “Acid Reflux and Head and Neck Cancer Risk: A Nationwide Registry over 13 Years.” This study reveals a significant association between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers. GERD causes gastric content to reflux up toward esophagus, such reflux material (e.g. hydrochloric acid, pepsin and bile acids) has been suggested to exert its potential carcinogenicity through prolonged exposure to mucosa.