Volume 2 Issue 1
Retinal Ganglion Cell Death is correlated with Eyeball Expansion in Mammals
Ji-Jie Pang*, Samuel M. Wu
Retinal ganglion cells (GCs) are gradually damaged in glaucoma patients and old subjects. It is unclear how mechanical stress (IOP) and strain (global expansion) differentially contribute to the progressive GC death. To further understand such retinal GC damage, neuronal populations in the GC layer (GCL) were studied in DBA/2J (D2) and wild type mice (1.5 to 19 months), in conjunction with observation of eyeball volume, IOP and the effect of anesthesia on IOP. The entire retinal GC population was retrograde-labeled and observed with a confocal microscope.
Epiretinal Membrane Surgery With and Without a Systematic Use of Blue Dye: Functional Outcome and Surgery Duration
P. Heitz, L. Yi-Ying, I. Fournier, T. Bourcier, C. Speeg-Schatz, D. Gaucher*
Epiretinal membrane (ERM) is a common finding during ocular assessment in elderly people, particularly since OCT examination is routinely performed. About 5–10% of the population aged 50 or more is concerned. The main risk factors for developing an ERM are age, diabetes, ethnic origin (more frequent in Asians), and ocular diseases. Classically idiopathic ERMs are differentiated from secondary ERMs associated with other ocular or retinal diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, myopic retinoschisis, uveitis, macular telangiectasia, retinal vein occlusion, and others.