Volume 1 Issue 2
Original peer-Review Article
Curve Progression in Children with Spinal Deformity after Removal of Vertical
Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Ribs
Andrea S. Gantner1, Lena Braunschweig2, Konstantinos Tsaknakis3, Heiko M. Lorenz4, Anna K. Hell5*
Progressive spinal deformity in children often requires early and repetitive surgical treatment. In the last decades, several growth-friendly devices such as vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) implants [1, 2], magnetically controlled devices [3, 4], growing rods [5, 6] and other growth-guided implants [7, 8] have been used to achieve this goal. However, the majority of these constructs serve as interim solutions, requiring definitive spinal fusion in puberty .
Priyanka P1* Ph.D
The spine is consisting of 33 individual bones stacked one on top of the other. This spinal column provides the main support for your body, enabling us to stand upright, bend, and twist, also, while protecting the spinal cord from injury. Strong muscles and bones, flexible tendons and ligaments, and sensitive nerves contribute to a healthy spine. However, any of these structures are affected by strain, injury, or disease can result into pain.
Ergonomic Factors Effects Human Spine
Jhansi laxmi G1*
The spine is a tubular structure made up of nervous tissue that prolongs from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column. It encloses the central canal of the spinal cord that contains cerebrospinal fluid. The brain and spinal cord together make up the central nervous system. There are 31 segments in a human spine: 8 cervical segments, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar segments, 5 sacral segments and 1 coccygeal segment as showed in figure 1. Mainly neck pain caused when cervical segments will undergo stress whereas back pain is due to thoracic segments. Recent studies confirm that globally people are facing most common problems of neck and back pain due to Work-related musculoskeletal stress.