Volume 3 Issue 2
The Economic Benefit of Addressing Alcohol Harm in Rural Australian Communities Using A Multifaceted Approach
*Christopher M Doran PhD, Anthony P Shakeshaft PhD, Dennis Petrie PhD, Joshua Byrnes PhD, Ansari Abudeen
The aim of this research is to conduct a benefit-cost analysis of an Australian community-action approach to reducing riskyalcohol consumption and harm: the Alcohol Action in Rural Communities (AARC) project. The trial comprised 20 communities in New South Wales, Australia, that had populations of 5,000-20,000,were at least 100km from an urban centre (population ≥ 100,000) and were not involved in another community alcohol project. Communities were pair-matched and one randomly allocated to the experimental group. Thirteen interventions were implemented in the experimental communities from 2005 to 2009. The net economic benefit of AARC ranged from AUD $1,658,429 to $2,129,265. The cost of AARC was AUD$1,214,012, comprising intervention costs ($608,102) and additional hospital inpatient costs ($605,910)
Underage Drinking in the South of Italy: Alexithymia Attachment Expectancies of Alcohol and Binge / Heavy Drinking Behavior in Adolescents
Elisa Marcellino, Federico Tonioni, Daniela Altavilla, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Luciani, Carlo Lai*
The hypotheses were that alexithymia and attachment will be positively associated with the alcohol expectancies and that alexithymia, attachment, and alcohol expectancies will predict the binge and heavy drinking behavior in adolescence. The 317 students (16-18 years old; male 148, female 169) completed the self-report scales: Toronto Alexithymia Scale 20, Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, My Alcohol Consumption and the Positive Drinking Expectancy Scale. The scores of alienation towards parents and the levels of externally-oriented thinking were positively associated with the levels of expectancies of alcohol (disinhibition, relief and social).