Volume 3  Issue 2

Volume 3  Issue 2

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Research Article

Bibliometric Analysis of the United Kingdom’s Contribution to Scientific Literature in the Field of Optometry
Francisco J Povedano Montero, B Optom MSc*, Francisco López-Muñoz, MD, PhD,Fernando Hidalgo Santa Cruz, OD, PhD, FAAO

Optometry is a relatively young discipline that has undergone major developments in recent decades, with English- speaking countries predominating in this scientific field, particularly the United States and the United Kingdom. There has been some controversy with regard to the origin of the word “optometry,” which seems to have first appeared in 1759 in the work “Treatise on the Eye, the Manner and Phaenomena of Vision.” by William Porterfield.

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Case Report

Intraocular Smokeless Gunpowder Pellet from Explosion of .22 Caliber Bullet
Kishan Govind MD, Jacob C. Meyer MD, Timothy M. Martin MD, Craig M. Greven MD*

We present a single case report of a 15 year old male who was hit in the face and eye with a spray of debris from an exploding bullet. Two orbital CT scans (the current standard for assessing for intraocular smokeless gunpowder) were negative for intraocular foreign body; however B-scan ultrasound revealed a pellet, later determined to be smokeless gunpowder in the anterior vitreous of the right eye. Henceforth, this case report demonstrates the applicability of b scan ultrasound in detecting intraocular smokeless gunpowder even in instances when orbital CT scans are negative for an intraocular foreign body.

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