Volume 3 Issue 2

Volume 3 Issue 2

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Case Series 
Neurosyphilis – Still a Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge

Lars Gustafson*, Ulla Passant, Jarl Risberg, Elisabet Englund

Neurosyphilis results from an infection of the brain, meninges and/or the spinal cord and may develop in persons in whom a manifest syphilis has passed untreated. The clinical manifestations are often diverse and may present as a psychiatric disorder. This article reports two cases with neurosyphilis who were followed for 33 and 21 years respectively. In one of these cases neuropathological findings are presented. Retrospective evaluations of all medical records were performed to characterize psychiatric and other clinical features, laboratory and brain imaging findings. Both patients presented a variety of psychiatric manifestations and were initially misdiagnosed.

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Review Article 
Suicidal Behaviour in Young Adults: A Literature Overview on Neurobiological, Epidemiological and Psychosocial Aspects

Stefania Schiavone, Luigia Trabace*, Logos Curtis

Definitions for suicide and suicidal behavior have been the topic of a lively scientific debate. Thus, suicide is normally defined as an act of intentionally terminating one’s own life. However, this definition cannot be considered exhaustive, given the complexity of this phenomenon. Moreover, the nomenclature of suicidal behaviors without fatal outcome may also significantly differ. Globally speaking, a suicidal behavior is characterized by the fact to be self-initiated and potentially injurious, with the intent to die. The outcome of a suicidal behavior might be nonfatal or fatal.

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