Volume 3 Issue 4
Increase in BMI from 1.5 to 3 Years of Age is a Risk for Cardiometabolic Disease
Osamu Arisaka, MD, PhD, Go Ichikawa, MD, PhD, Satomi Koyama, MD, PhD, Toshimi Sairenchi, PhD
Changes of body composition related to excessive weight gain during infancy may play a pivotal role in the development of future cardiometabolic risk. Therefore, we elucidated whether overweight/obesity related cardiometabolic risk factors at 12 years of age could be estimated based on changes of body mass index (BMI) at 1.5 to 3 years of age, because 1.5 years and 3 years health check of infants were routinely conducted in Japan.
Complex Relationships between Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure in a Lean Population in Eritrea
A Usman, G Mebrahtu, B Debru, A Tesfazion, A Gebresellasie, Y Ghebrat, Y Sium, B Tewolde, J Mufunda*
There is diversity in patterns of body mass index (BMI)/blood pressure (BP) relationships in population based surveys. BP is generally linearly related to BMI. In some populations there is a U shaped relationship between BP and BMI. Standardized surveys using WHO stepwise approach allow for in country and inter-country comparisons for this relationship. Limited guidance is available on targeted interventions on hypertension among lean populations.