Volume 4 Issue 2

Volume 4 Issue 2

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Research Article 

Eliciting Preferences for Small Change Strategies in Project SCALE (Small Changes and Lasting Effects) a Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention Trial

Erica Phillips MD MS*, Erida Castro-Rivas MD , Janey C. Peterson Ed.D MS, Carla Boutin-Foster MD MS, Laura Winter Falk PhD, Carol M. Devine PhD, Elaine Wethington PhD, Brian Wansink PhD

Racial and ethnic minority populations experience a disproportionate burden of obesity and its health related complications. Developing practical interventions at relatively low cost that result in sustainable weight loss in these vulnerable populations is crucial. The objective of this study was to explore how Black and Latino adults perceive of a small change approach to weight loss using one of thirteen tested strategies to reduce caloric intake.

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Research Article 

Overweight, Obesity, Perfluorooctanic Acid Exposure and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in an Appalachian Pediatric Population with Diabetes

Katelynn Dodd MPH, Pamela J Murray MD HP, Andrea Fischl PhD, Tina Costacou PhD, Baqiyyah Conway PhD*

There is evidence that children and adolescents from rural populations display greater rates of obesity than their urban counterparts. Childhood obesity has been linked with pediatric Type 2 diabetes; however in recent years, pediatric obesity in Type 1 diabetes is becoming increasingly apparent. Associated with both types of diabetes and obesity among children are elevated rates of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome.

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Review Article

Treatment of Obesity

Hatice Yilmaz, Hümeyra Gun Guntekin, Muammer Karadeniz*

The most commonly used methods specified by the World Health Organization (WHO) for exhibiting, classifying and determining the type of the obesity that is defined as excessive fat accumulation in the body are body mass index (BMI) and measuring waist circumference. BMI is measured by dividing the body weight in kilograms by the height in meters squared and its unit is kg/m2. The BMI isclassified as slim if BMI is smaller than 18.5 kg/m2; normal if BMI is in between 18.5-25 kg/m2 and pre-obese if BMI is in between 25-30 kg/ m2. If BMI is greater than 30 kg/m2, it shows obesity and it is divided into three classes; stage I (BMI 30-40), stage II (BMI 40-50) and stage III (BMI>50).

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