Volume 4 Issue 1

Volume 4 Issue 1

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Research Article

Community-Based Participatory Research Studies on HIV/AIDS Prevention, 2005-2014

Steven S Coughlin*1,2

Over the past decade, a rich literature has developed on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches to preventing morbidity and mortality from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in diverse communities [1-65].

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Research Article

Acceptability of Homemade Food, Zinc and Counseling to Reduce Growth-Faltering and Increase Catch up Growth after Diarrhea in India

Saijuddin Shaikh*1, Dilip Mahalanabis1, Dilip Paul2, Anumita Mallick3

Repeated attacks of diarrhea in the same children may lead to reduced weight gain or weight loss and hence, they need proper nutritional rehabilitation after diarrhea to enhance catch up growth. The purpose of the study was to test the acceptability of energy dense homemade food with counseling and zinc after diarrhea to reduce concurrent episodes of diarrhea and growth-faltering, and increase catch up growth. A total of 63 diarrheal patients, aged 6-12 months who stayed in hospital for 2-4 days were recruited in the study on their discharge day. Anthropometry, 7 days morbidities and food frequencies, breastfeeding for 24 hours by recall were collected at recruitment, and at 7 day, 1 month and 3 month home visits. Hemoglobin was determined at recruitment and at 3 month home visit. The supplement was given for 14 days. Zinc syrup was provided for first 7 days.

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Research Article

A Review of Smartphone Applications for Promoting Physical Activity

Steven S. Coughlin*1, Mary Whitehead2, Joyce Q. Sheats3, Jeff Mastromonico4, Selina Smith3,5

Sedentary behavior and physical activity are important public health issues [1,2].  Approximately one-third of adults in the U.S. are physically inactive [1]. The increasing prevalence of obesity in the U.S. and many other countries and the independent association of obesity with several forms of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and other forms of chronic illness have prompted interest in identifying efficacious ways to promote physical activity and reduce obesity [2].  Among cancer survivors and persons living with other chronic illnesses, maintaining a healthy body weight reduces the risk of disease recurrence or progression [3].  There has been increasing interest in using cell phone text messaging and smartphone apps to promote physical activity.

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Research Article

Effectiveness of a Single, Low Cost Hispanic Women Prevention Program in Terms of Knowledge Gain

Seth W Jelinek1, Benjamin C Salgado1, Uju E Nnameka1, Maricela Wilson2, Henry T Robertson3, Alejandro Moreno*1

Recent healthcare reforms, such as the introduction of accountable care organizations, payments for health outcomes, and patient-centered medical homes, are gradually bringing disease prevention goals to the forefront of our healthcare system [1]. Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent a priority among primary prevention programs as it is the main cause of mortality and expenditure in the United States [2,3]. Community preventive programs appear to be effective at reducing the 10-year CVD risk according to systematic reviews of the literature [4,5].

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