Volume 5 Issue 2

Volume 5 Issue 2

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Research article

Muscle Activity, Pain and Resistance Onsets during the Slump Test in Hamstring Injured Athletes

Fowler E, Herrington L, Pearson S*

TNeurodynamic testing has become a common feature of musculoskeletal assessment with structural differentiation being an integral part of these tests. Structural differentiation involves moving the neural structure in the area in question, without moving the musculoskeletal tissues in the same region, thereby enabling a clinician to differentiate between neurogenic symptoms and those of musculoskeletal origin. The subjective reporting of pain onset (P1), onset of resistance as determined by the examiner (R1) and onset of local muscle activity are proposed as end points to use during neurodynamic tests and can be affected by structural differentiation.

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Perspectives

Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation: A Strategy for Exercise Prescription in Healthy Individuals

Mauricio de Sant Anna Junior*, Tiago Batista da Costa Xavier, Eduardo Lima Trajano, Marco Orsini

Prolonged exercise and of high intensity require increased peripheral muscle work as well as the respiratory muscles, especially the inspiratory ones (diaphragm and intercostal). Hyperventilation is a necessary adjustment to maintain adequate oxygenation, including the respiratory muscles during exercise. Studies show that the inspiratory muscles can limit physical performance during exercise in healthy athletes and non-athletes.

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Research Article

Daily Physical Activity And Exercise For People With Long Term Neurological Conditions; A Delicate Balance Between Training And Recovery

Olaf Verschuren*, Claire Fitzsimons, Gillian Mead, Frederike van Wijck, Rita van den Berg-Emons, Annet Dallmeijer, Astrid C.J.Balemans

Rehabilitation is a common treatment modality for people with long term neurological conditions (LTNC), and is often focused on increasing physical activity levels to assist each patient in achieving the highest possible degree of individual physical behavior. Physical behavior is an umbrella term, which includes the behavior of a person in terms of body postures, movements, and/or daily activities in his/her own environment. It can be divided into physical activity at light to vigorous intensities and sedentary behavior.

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