Weight of Children Presenting with Childhood Cataract
latter includes keratomalacia and night blindness. However, with adequate immunization coverage, the prevalence and incidence of vitamin A deficiency is reduced in most low and lower-middle income countries, causing less corneal blindness in children which was previously the leading cause of childhood blindness and severe visual impairment . Consequently, the current major causes of childhood blindness and severe visual impairment in this region of Nigeria is from childhood cataract . Investigation into the nutritional status of children in developing countries shows that there may be a high rate of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency . Very few studies have investigated the nutritional health status of children admitted into the pediatric eye ward with childhood cataract. Nutritional support is expected to be an essential aspect of the clinical management of children admitted to hospital. In our environment, ensuring an adequate nutritional support is usually the entire responsibility of the parents or care givers. It has been observed that the primary medical problem of the child while admitted is given most attention during the brief period in the clinic, during admission and also the immediate post-operative interval .
decrease the frequency of undernutrition among children who leave the hospital after a surgical procedure including cataract surgery. These maybe considered for the future as it would be impractical and too cumbersome in our environment at this time. Referral of children for a detailed evaluation of body composition and physical function performed by experienced health professionals may indicate the a diagnosis of nutritional disorder, including the subtype and underlying cause. The visual and neurodevelopmental consequences of malnutrition can be seen not only in childhood but also in adulthood, hence the importance of early identification .
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6. Rahi J, Gilbert C. Epidemiology of visual impairment in children. Chapter 2. Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. 2015 5th Ed. Scott Lambert and Christopher Lyons. Saunders, Elsevier Ltd, London.
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